Curiosity Rover Report (Jan. 18, 2013): Curiosity Finds Calcium-Rich Deposits

Curiosity Rover Report (Jan. 18, 2013): Curiosity Finds Calcium-Rich Deposits


(Music) Hello, I am Justin Maki and I am the engineering camera lead for the Mars Science Laboratory mission and a member of the MSL science camera team and this is your Curiosity rover report. The rover has been investigating the Yellowknife bay area as part of an effort to pick the exact location of our first drill activity on Mars. The images being returned by Curiosity show a diverse collection of interesting features, including sedimentary rocks, pebbles, cracks, nodules, and veins. The vein features are seen as a bright white material, and we see them just about everywhere we look in Yellowknife bay. The ChemCam instrument has found that these veins contain elevated levels of calcium sulfate, likely in the form of bassanite or gypsum. Gypsum veins are also seen here on Earth and associated with water percolating through cracks and fractured rocks. The exciting news from all of this analysis is a candidate site where Curiosity will conduct its first drilling activity. This site is located only a few meters away from the rover’s current location and lies in a flat area, suitable for drilling. The team hopes to drill directly into one of the veins and place the powder into the SAM and ChemMin analytical instruments. These instruments will give us detailed information about the composition of the material. We’ll be driving over there in the next few days. On our way over to the drill site, we’re planning on using the rover’s wheels to crush some of the nearby veins and examine the freshly broken material. This image from Sol 135 shows an example of how the rover can break open soft rocks with its wheels, revealing the freshly exposed material. I’m Justin Maki, and this has been your Curiosity Rover Report. Check back for more reports.

100 Replies to “Curiosity Rover Report (Jan. 18, 2013): Curiosity Finds Calcium-Rich Deposits

  1. cont) and these thick clouds create temperature variations sufficient for Martian Thunderstorms! And those produce sudden torrents! This lasts for weeks, but eventually the weak electrified atmosphere get weaker, fails to sustain the development of a permanent cycle. And things begin to die off again!

  2. 20k views? Clearly public doesn't give a shit about rocks. How about sending people there, we have the technology, shit we had the technology 20 years ago. We need martian news that inspires people more, go ahead fabricate some stuff up (precious metals -rocks -minerals or even microbial life), and people will be enthusiastic, that why you don't have FUNDS!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  3. For the cost of a single manned mission to Mars, we could plaster the solar system with satellites, probes, and rovers, which could provide vastly more information over many years. You're a perfect example of public apathy due to extreme ignorance. We don't need to see astronauts whacking golf balls around on Mars. Humans will never live there, Mars is dead and it's too expensive to send supplies.

  4. Estoy encantado de recibir las noticias, así como saber un poco más sobre Marte. Es un encanto ver el planeta a ras de suelo marciano… encantado.

  5. No, in the cold any ice would sublimate fairly slowly.
    There was an image sequence from the old Opportunity(I think) rover where the tracks uncovered some ice and they showed it slowly sublimate over a few hours.
    I may have to go and search for that now….

  6. Yes, it basically is, but with hughe implications.
    It means that the place once was oozing with water.
    Curiosity really hit the jackpot here. In a relatively small area (the rover only drove 700 meters) they've already found different water-deposited sediments at different altitudes, so in different periodes of time.
    Now THAT is one for the history books. lol

  7. What are you, twelve? I've seen YOUR uploads and, Golly!, do they paint a lurid picture. LOL, as they say, LOL! You're into bad anime and upload My Little Pony rap!

    Stop watching videos about actual science and exploration, if they bug you so much. Sorry NASA can't find any Star Wars characters for you. Get over it, troll.

  8. …and they can "cook" sampled material, up to 1200 degrees C.
    Six times hotter than your average oven. On a different planet..

  9. A guy who thinks investing in science is a waist of money, or maybe he is so afraid of living and having the excitement of discovery!

  10. Does curiosity place the powder at any wind speed into the analytical instruments, are there any wind measurements being made? Just wondering if wind on mars could blow the gathered probe away during insertion

  11. they are called trolls, mostly found in the more popular regions of the internet. there are huge numbers of them on youtube, with them being on almost 95% of all videos

  12. In my mind's eye I see the rover digging in the sand (much like a dog 'Rover') while in the bacground looms a giant futuristic Mars city! How's that for excitement? One day future humans may laugh at the big joke of our folly.

  13. Little kids who want to see aliens or spaceships and conspiracy nuts who think they've already found such things but are keeping it secret.

  14. The first few months of the mission have all been doing equipment diagnostics and test runs, and taking a look around to see what they should investigate first.

    The exciting parts of science come from taking the dry, boring data and realizing what the data is implying. In this case, the idea that Mars once had large bodies of surface water just got bumped up in the probability ratings a few notches. Exciting? Maybe not on its own. But if they continue to stack up more evidence…

  15. Curiosity is doing what earlier rovers hav already done. Curiosity how about setting up a greenhouse, taking a pic and sendin it on.. #beMoreIntrestingThanRocks

  16. Since there are some species on Earth that can survive and reproduce in Martian conditions, does this make Mars a potentially habitable planet?

  17. Keep in mind guys. You should accept any persons ideas on things we aren't already reasonably sure of as a potential sollution. Then in your head think through the logical guntlet of cognitive testing. Does it make sense? Is it possible? Most of the things we accept today were once CRAZY. That said, this guys idea is not based on scientific background, logic, historical fact or reality. Try refining your idea some more, and substantiate your claim it has happened recently.

  18. blogs.smithsonianman com/science/2012/09/how-does-the-tiny-waterbear-survive-in-outer-space/
    But I think he took it a little too far in asserting they could "live" on mars for more than a bit. They could exist on Mars and survive for a lot longer than most other Earth organisms but.. 😉

  19. What did you expect? Announcements of the existence of life? Maybe eventually, but not for some time. Who knows, perhaps once they scan this sample but I wouldn't hold my breath. 🙂 I loved it.

  20. Except that my idea is not crazy. It's just a theory worth considering. And there is plenty of evidence of sudden fluid flows on the surface of Mars. There are even some planetary geologists who have written papers on this possible phenomena. We know that the Moon itself has ice formations in areas where the Sun's light is obstructed. Water is not as scarce as we once thought. Beneath the surface of Mars are significant concentrations of water.

  21. Maybe I'm misinterpreting your suggestion. Are you suggesting the flowing water ONLY results from meteor impacts? That the water histories detected here and at the other mars express sites was due singularly to meteor impacts? I'm not a planetary geologist, but from what I understand these water sources lasted a LONG time. I don't see how a meteor would create a flowing river for YEARS on a planet normally cold enough to freeze CO2.

  22. No. Neither. A bit of both. Most of the sedimentary evidence is due to what happened a LONG time ago. But there seems to be some much more recent activity involving water ( or combination of fluids ). Mars seems much more dynamic than what we currently can observe. I think impacts can dramatically change the thin atmosphere and create conditions that can last weeks to months. Including some kinds of hydraulics. Most impacts are too small to cause dramatic, temporary change. Some are HUGE!

  23. …surely cheer leaders, glitter, ticker tape and pizza commercials are not appropriate in this case. No doubt some people somewhere would only be satisfied by the discovery of little green men on Mars.

  24. Right. Hey JPL. Love following the curiosity updates. However, I have a question, if you're there – I'm sure you've been asked this before so apologies.
    Has the rover got a video camera on it? I don't think that it has and I really wonder why… I have a video recorder on my mobile phone which fits in my pocket and I would have thought that curiosity could easily squeeze one on somewhere. Just curious to know.
    Anyways, love the channel and thanks for the curiosity updates – I watch em all!! 🙂

  25. Hi. Yeah I just googled it and I found an article that says it has some video cameras for black and white and colour. If that's right, where are the videos? They must have taken one or two by now. Are they waiting to bring us some videos at a later date?

  26. By American and other quasi-English standards "you fail" might be considered 'correct grammar'. I stated that it is not PROPER English! [ consider the word 'proper' in bold lettering as opposed to ALL CAPS ].

  27. Hahaha! You could compete with the Energizer Bunny! Seriously now: Proper English is not just about General Conventions on Universal English Language Usage and Grammatical Standards. It is about Culture and Normatives.

  28. The connection between mars and earth is quite slow because mars is literally millions of kilometers away. Even getting the photos through can take days. Although the cameras could record video, it would take weeks for a short clip to arrive to earth and they have better things to do with their equipment right now.

  29. Hi again advice man. how're things? I don't see how you reconsile the veins. Those typically form when water is flowing through the rocks for long long periods of time. If a meteor were to impact and cause large volumes of melted liquid what would prevent it from then re freezing quickly after? impacts don't generally warm the CLIMATE.
    What forces would maintain the heat?

  30. "The Mastcam can take high-definition video at 10 frames per second."
    The mastcam has ~1200X1200 [email protected] 100 mm.
    There are no established set standards for what EXACTLY 'HD" is, however by most standards that resolution is damn close, if not hd.
    Lastly, as others have said, video is big. HD is very big. Try EMAILING from earth-earth a HD video. Let me know what gmail tells you. Now email that same video mars-earth. That's important bandwidth time. If it's not needed for science they wont do it.

  31. The mast cam can take video @ 10 frames per second. They don't use that function much cause there isn't much reason to. They can get the same data from a single frame. Go to europe and watch this video on your smartphone, then get your bill. Same deal for them, accept instead of europe they're on Mars. (i'm operating on the assumption you are an american living in america here… go with it if not. 😉 )

  32. Hey. Thanks man.No I'm an Englishman in the UK. Was just an off the cuff question, as I thought JPL might answer, but they're probably busy folks. Yeah I googled it after and I think you're right about the mast cam. I'm pretty sure they can take videos up there. It probably is a larger amount of data to send, but they seem to be able to do all sorts of stuff up there & hey, they spent Crimbo just chillin' at Grandma's House 😉 I bet they could've given us a vid by now. Still been good stuff tho!

  33. ahaha as i typed "go to Europe" i just KNEW you would be European… just figures..lol
    Go outside and use your cell, get roaming charges! HAH! sucka
    ;P
    anyway, let's be fair to jpl and nasa here!
    go to youtube com /watch?v=e1ebHThBdlY
    or search for amrdi descent video. (get the jpl one, it's exciting.)
    /smartass off 😉

  34. What's frustrating to me is that we know we're not getting the whole story from NASA. I wouldn't feel a bit surprised at alien life within our solar system and many others. To simply look out at the night sky with the realization that our Sun is just one of the many stars in space with capability of supporting solar systems, says loudly "WE ARE NOT ALONE". I don't see the mystery…c'mon NASA!!

  35. Because Mars isnt in the city next to you with a 100 Mb Wifi connection. Sending pictures from there to earth take days due to distance, difficulties on reception, radiations, etc. Believe me, getting pictures from there is already something incredible!

  36. not sure if trolling or just stupid.
    10 second video at its 10 frames per second rate would be 100 frames.
    1 picture would be, ofc, 1 frame.
    we have established the data ratio. 1:100
    Now, what science would they get from that extra 99 frames? none.
    so, you want them to waste time and money sending 99 supurflous frames so you can see a shitty video of some sand that doesn't move?
    Just stare at one of the pictures for 10 seconds and pretend it was a movie, cause that's all you would get.

  37. Now, i assume you are probably trolling. and that im just feeding your trollage. that said, go home.
    besides that, though, go put your foil hat back on, cause you are paranoid. direct your attention and energy somewhere that will actually help humanity.

  38. BUt it HAS a Video Recorder. Where do you think, these TV Clips come from? However not expect any LIVE SOUND. Too quiet at Mars.

  39. rofl, i love it. you pend approval on your videos.
    Stop trying to scam people with your obviously fraudulent videos. 😉

  40. All you want to know is already out there. Something wrong with your search engine?
    PDS will be out as of 27 feb. and regurlarly updated.
    pds-geosciences.wustl.edu

  41. =[ still no updates? …. i bet they found somthing they cant tell us, thats why they are havent relea a update for so longgggg . =[[

  42. We are getting the story, it's just not a very fast moving one. Everything in this universe is too big, the distances to get anywhere too far. Maybe we aren't alone, but it's hard to expect other life to be right next door to us. The search for life is not going to be anything close to easy. Give it some time! 🙂

  43. Yes, unfortunately AT&T has not yet installed fiber optics cable on Mars for Full HD streaming. They still haven't figured out where to get 100 million kilometers of fiber, with shielding that can handle passing through the core of the sun occasionally.

    But maybe you are in possession of equipment that allows 100Mbps bandwidth over hundreds of millions of km through heavy radiation without requiring a nuclear power plant to run it? If so, get in touch with NASA, I am sure they are interested.

  44. No they didn't (Pathfinder)
    You are talking crap. You do not even know how these camera's work, nor are you interested on how they work and what they can and cannot do.. Why then bother?
    You want to see something spectacular?
    Go here: db-prods(dot)net
    Browse to Marsrover Images.

  45. They can do well over 2 Mbps, which is not bad, not even by todays standard. They can also do vids at 5-10 fps. But that would be boring. There isn't much going on on Mars worth videotaping (except for the occasional dustdevil or cloudmovements)

  46. Ok thanks.
    Camera's are build in 2007 and indeed by 2004 specs.
    The link will bring you to a French website where this guy is doing an amazing job of stitching all those hundreds of seperate tiles together into sometimes humongous panoramas (some are several 100's mb's in size and in 3D!).
    Dude is making quite a name for himself. Best I have ever seen.

  47. Yes I have seen that one. That one is also part of a panorama.
    It IS the highest quality, unless you want to go to 4k in which case we would'nt be able to see it due to restrictions in hardware.
    What you see as tentacles is gypsum. It has been zapped by CHEMCAM on many occasions and it shows calcium sulfates. There is lots of it in this area. Together with mud and sandstone what you see is basically a once subsurfaced area covered with (probably) WATER. How exciting is that!

  48. Totally agree. Mars is stunning and I am very happy what Curiosity has shown us so far. And the best part has yet to come: climb up that mountain!
    If they want they can do 3D video. James Cameron (Avatar) was involved in that. Patience! Because that would come at a cost. (downlink) Remember that Curiosity is only about 500/550 meters away from the actual landing site. And yet you people have seen entire "Zoo's".

  49. It does, as the vid above shows. LOL. At 0:46. It happens when the surrounding is much softer and gets eroded away faster. I located the position of those rocks in your vis (yews I have seen it!) and currently the rover is only a couple of meters away. At Sol 152 they stood right in front of that outcrop and took detailed pictures of those rocks with Mastcam and Mahli. They also zapped it with laser including under the rocks where your critter lives. Well that must have scared him away!

  50. db-prods(dot)net/marsroversimages/Curiosity/2013/Sol153_154_Mastcam34(dot)jpg
    There you go.
    For some reason my post 2 days ago din't make it (?). Sol 152 to 158 they spent time right in front of your rocks. I will stop now with this debate, you are the one who is claiming that there are "tentacles" under these rocks. Others claim to see Space ShuttleLlaunch Systems, shipwrecks and little girls getting eaten by snakes (no-kidding!)
    Burden of proof is on you, not me..

  51. Whats better than live action video with sound, hasnt been done, and We would like to be impressed with the toys we bought em for once. Better things to do……harrumphh indeed!

  52. This is a serious question and not a joke. Other than taking NASA's word for it how do we know these images are actually coming from Mars?

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