Der Klimawandel verschärft Hunger – Rupa Mukerji zum Welthunger-Index 2019

Hallo, I am Rupa Mukerji. I work for Helvetas and have written the lead essay
for the Global Hunger Index 2019. Based on data and evidence
the Global Hunger Index 2019 says that hunger after declining for about three decades
is once again on the rise. Between 2015 and today there has been a steady increase in the number of people hungry across the world. In 2018 about 822 million people were hungry
in different parts of the world. The reasons for persistence of hunger are several: there are poverty, inequality, conflict, war, extreme events like floods and runs. All of these are aggravated by climate change. Climate change is actually a stress multiplier in the current situation. Climate change impacts all dimensions of the food system, so production, transport, processing but also the nutritive quality of the food that we consume Climate change and the responses to it, so adaptation and mitigation, also have strong interfaces with hunger. The Paris agreement and its ambition to restrict global warming to less than two degrees centigrade incorporates bio energy and carbon capture and sequestration measures on a massive scale. All of these are based on land and
between 2030 and 2050 they envisage about two million hectares being used prior for bioenergy and carbon capture and sequestration measures. This will have deep impacts on food security, competition for land that is useful food production and here we need to ensure that the trade-offs
are not damaging for the people who are already poor and vulnerable on this earth. It’s very important that food security remains at the center of all policies including climate policy. The poor who have contributed the least
to climate change are currently bearing the impacts of climate change. They should not be the ones who bear the
cost of mitigation actions. At this moment about 2.5 billion people live
in the semi-arid and dry regions of the world. These are very fragile ecosystems, very vulnerable to even small changes in climate. Communities living here need to be supported to adapt their livelihoods to the changing climate. This may involve sustainable intensification
of agriculture, promotion of agro ecological practices
on a very large scale, partnership with private sector and providing them access to scientific research and technologies. At this moment also 200 to 500 million people rely on pastoral livelihoods. They are spread across 75% of the countries in the world. Again, pastoral livelihoods are highly sensitive
to small changes in the climate. These people need support of research and development of extension to adapt to the changing climate but also
to transform their livelihoods as needed. 30% of the food that is produced today
is wasted. Reducing food waste and loss at every level including in the household is a very important measure to deal with the pressures of climate
change on food security. Finally, it’ is very important that people
in the global North who have a rich diet, rich in land-based and livestock based proteins adapt their diets to more sustainable ones leaving some carbon space and opportunity for the poor and disprivileged to grow and develop.

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